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Parodontosis is a gum disease that can be completely unnoticed and not cause any discomfort, which means that the disease is easy to miss. In the late stages, the disease can substantially destroy the bone tissue and provoke tooth loss. Parodontosis is the main cause of tooth loss around the world.

It is believed that four out of five people in the world are facing this disease. Parodontosis is also associated with heart and blood vessels diseases, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes. This dental problem is handled by the special dentistry field called periodontology. What does everyone need to know about this disease and how to recognize the moment when to ask for a professional help?


Gingivitis is the primary and the easiest form of gum inflammation. Gingivitis causes redness, swelling and frequent gum bleeding. At this stage of the disease, a patient may feel a slight discomfort, but such feelings are not always the case. Gingivitis is usually caused by insufficient dental hygiene. Professional help and proper dental care at home help to heal gingivitis on time.


If gingivitis is not treated timely, it gradually transforms to periodontitis. As time passes, dental plaque enlarges and goes beyond gums. Bacterias living in plaque create toxins, irritate the gums, and provoke chronic inflammation. Because of the inflammation the organism starts fighting itself and jaw bone tissues, which support teeth, start to crumble. Because of that gums cease to adhere tightly to teeth and create gingival pockets (the empty space between teeth and gums) where an infection can get easily. With the progress of the disease, the gingival pockets widen which leads to the death of gum and bone tissue.

This destructive process often occurs without noticeable symptoms, and as a result, teeth lose their stability and must be extracted.

What Types of Parodontosis There Are?

There are different types of periodontal diseases. The most widespread are as follows:

  • aggressive parodontosis can harm even those patients who don’t have other problems with dental health. The specifics of aggressive parodontosis is fast destruction of supporting structures and disappearance of bone tissue. In many cases this is a hereditary disease;
  • chronic parodontosis is expressed as inflammation of supporting structures and progressive disappearance of these structures and bone tissue. This is the most common form of parodontosis. Its specifics is the formation of the gingival pockets and gum recession. The disease usually strucks adults, but it can also be observed at an earlier age. Destruction of supporting structures takes a long time, but sometimes this process can accelerate. As a systemic disease parodontosis usually begins at a young age. In the risk group are people with systemic diseases such as heart diseases, respiratory infections and diabetes;
  • necrotizing parodontosis is an infectious disease with specific necrosis of gum tissues, periodontal ligaments and alveoli. Such damages are usually observed in patients suffering from systemic diseases, for example, HIV, as well as in patients with insufficient diet and immune depression.

How to Treat Parodontosis?

Modern parodontology has a number of different treatment methods. In every particular case, the dentist determines which method is the best for the patient. In order to choose the optimal treatment strategy it is necessary to evaluate the extent of the damage and some other aspects. The disease can be treated efficiently, so that tooth stability and life span of bone tissue can be significantly improved.

Prevention of Parodontosis

In order to prevent this disease, the patients need to follow the simple rules:

  • meticulous hygiene of the oral cavity – brush your teeth at least twice a day, tooth flossing at least once a day;
  • regular visits to a dental hygienist – at least once in six months. The specialist can notice the first changes and recommend the necessary actions. Regular dental hygiene prevents the formation of dental plaque and reduces the risk of parodontosis.

If you have questions about gum health and treatment of parodontosis, apply for a visit to one of our dentists or dental hygienists. They will carry out a high-quality dental hygiene procedure and consult you on necessary treatment.